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Larry's Flea Market » Blog Archive » Larry The Cable Guy Tour: Iran, SAVAK, and the CIA: Financial Support and Training
 

Larry The Cable Guy Tour: Iran, SAVAK, and the CIA: Financial Support and Training

Written by admin on July 9th, 2012


SAVAK (Persian: ساواک, short for سازِمانِ اطلاعات وَ امنیَتِ کِشوَر Sāzemān-e Ettelā’āt va Amniyat-e Keshvar, Organisation of Intelligence and National Security) was the secret police, domestic security and intelligence service established by Iran’s Mohammad Reza Shah with the help of the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency (the CIA). SAVAK operated from 1957 to 1979, when the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown. SAVAK has been described as Iran’s “most hated and feared institution” prior to the revolution of 1979 because of its practice of torturing and executing opponents of the Pahlavi regime. At its peak, the organization had as many as 60000 agents serving in its ranks according to one source, although Gholam Reza Afkhami, whose work on the Shah has been described as a “sympathetic biography”, estimates SAVAK staffing at between 4000 and 6000. After removing the populist regime of Mohammad Mosaddeq (which was originally focused on nationalizing Iran’s oil industry but also set out to weaken the Shah’s power) from power on 19 August 1953, in a coup, the monarch, Mohammad Reza Shah, established an intelligence service with police powers. The Shah’s goal was to strengthen his regime by placing political opponents under surveillance and repress dissident movements. According to Encyclopædia Iranica: A US Army colonel working for the CIA was sent to Persia in September 1953 to work with General Teymur Bakhtiar, who was appointed military governor of Tehran in December

 

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